In 1446 the city of Dijon forbade all wines from Lyon, Tournon and Vienne, arguing that they were "très petits et pauvres vins" – very small and miserable wines. Tavel AOC, produced in the special microclimate of the sillon rhodanien (the furrow of the Rhône) by some thirty producers including Château d'Aqueria, Domaine Maby, Domaine de la Mordorée, Domaine Pelaquier, is an elite rosé only, which has been referred to as 'the wine of kings". Lirac produces wines that are aromatic, structured and elegant with black fruit, truffle and cocoa notes in the reds, deep berry red fruits in the Roses and fresh, aromatic whites. The northern sub-region produces red wines from the Syrah grape, sometimes blended with up to 20% of white wine grapes, and white wines from Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier grapes. Crossing the entire Rhone, the region draws its strength from its rich and powerful river that lends its character, as much as it sculpts its soil. The wines were traded to such a degree that the Duke of Burgundy banned import and export of non-Burgundian wines. In that year, INAO moved the responsibility for oversight of this appellation's wine to the regional committee of the Rhône valley. Well made. Others that the grape came 50 years later when Greeks fled from the Persian king Cyrus I. The southern sub-region produces an array of red, white and rosé wines, often blends of several grapes such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape. I adore vino so much I even married a winemaker. The Cotes du Rhone wine road winds through the South of France from Avignon through valleys and along hills covered by terraced vineyards and punctuated by old stone villages. These may include Ugni blanc, Roussanne, Bourboulenc, Picpoul, and Clairette. Your wine smarts deserve to be on the next level. Drought can be a problem in the area, but limited irrigation is permitted. Southern Rhone Complete Guide to the best Wines Wineries Appellations. While small, the Northern Rhône includes some of France’s most prestigious appellations.  Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Map of the Rhône Valley wine region in France. Châteauneuf-du-Pape was the very first French wine … Size: 12" x 16"Scale: 1:710,000 Location: Made in USA. Northern Rhône is therefore cooler than southern Rhône, which means that the mix of planted grape varieties and wine styles are slightly different. This was the very first AOC to be recognized when the system was instituted in 1936.  Local producers of Côtes du Rhône-styled wines made from Syrah and Grenache lobbied for this change since the local winemaking traditions did not coincide with administrative borders, and presumably due to the greater prestige of Rhône wines in the marketplace. The still whites are equally refreshing – terrific before a meal. Most of the production is in sparkling wine; Crement de Die, but is now sanctioned for still wines of red, white and rose. The Southern Rhone Valley is a much larger area than the Northern Rhone.To illustrate that point, close to 95% of all wines in the Rhone come from the Southern Rhone. Cairanne is a delightful village set on a rocky outcrop, offering visitors an irresistible range of luscious red and white wines. The sheer beauty of the hillsides of the Southern Rhone valley is breathtaking. This is the largest AOC and accounts for two thirds of Rhone production. They are usually only sold on the premises. The whites are harder to find and were once the favorite of the Russian nobility. Most of the production is Syrah and the wines really need some time to show their true character – round and full bodied with red fruits, wild flowers and leather. The origins of the two most important grape varieties in the northern Rhone (Syrah and Viognier) have in the past been subject to speculation. The southern Rhône's most famous red wine is Châteauneuf-du-Pape, a blend containing up to 19 varieties of wine grapes (ten red and nine white) as permitted by the Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC rules. Again, not the least expensive of wines but something to savor – heady apricot, floral notes and a rich honeyed mouthfeel. Higher altitudes and variety of soil types result in red wines that are dark and inky with black cherry, jammy fruit and lots of tannin. For wines bearing the Cornas AOC designation, Syrah must be used exclusively, whereas other reds from the northern Rhône sub-region may be blended with white wine grapes, either Viognier or Marsanne and Roussanne, depending on the appellation. The excess production of many domains and cooperatives is released as Vin de Pays which are marketed as Vin de Pays du Gard, Vin de Pays de Vaucluse, etc., or are sold to blenders of wine from the European Union, and mass food distribution for sale as own brands. The vineyards are planted on steep hillsides that are terraced with man-made walls of local river rocks called ‘restanque’. and do so about 150 days of the year, mostly from winter to early spring. Look for famous names like Chapoutier, Jaboulet and Cave de Tain. Spicy, earthy, chocolatey and deep, these are wines made for aging, if you can resist! Marsanne and Roussanne are in turn used for the whites from Crozes-Hermitage, Hermitage, Saint Joseph, and Saint Péray. I like to call it the ‘cashmere sweater’ of white wines! Typically it is only used if the wine does not qualify for an appellation that can command a higher price. https://recipes.howstuffworks.com/food-facts/rhone-valley-wine-region.htm Plus, when to drink the wines. Syrah is the only red grape variety permitted in red AOC wines from this sub-region. Red wines are the most plentiful; Grenache and Cinsault with Mourvedre, Syrah and other sanctioned reds, producing wines that are full and aromatic with spicy dark fruits balanced with acidity and minerality. Their rosé is a classic southern Rhône blend of 65% Grenache, 30% Syrah and 5% Cinsault and it spent a very short time in oak barrels to add complexity. Wine has been made here for over 2,600 years, making it the oldest destination on the French wine regions map – and it is the only region that dedicates almost all of its production to rose. Similar wine blends globally are known as GSM, after the first three varietals. The (hand drawn!) In France‘s Rhone Valley you’ll find 98% of the wines are either red or rose, although there are a few whites here and there. Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wine Facts. Côtes du Rhône is south-east France's warmer, richer, spicier answer to the dry austerity of AC Bordeaux. All great wine is made in the vineyard and that starts with the grapes. 572-4. The Rhône is generally divided into two sub-regions with distinct vinicultural traditions, the Northern Rhône (referred to in French as Rhône septentrional) and the Southern Rhône (in French Rhône méridional). The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. 12” x 16” Epson Ultra Premium Luster Photo Paper is in between a gloss and matte finish, providing you with highly saturated, maximum ink coverage.Because of its saturation and resistance to fingerprints, luster paper is a popular choice for prints. In 1650, to guard against forgeries a set of rules was passed in an attempt to guarantee the origin of the wine. and be made from the 21 sanctioned grape varieties. Châteauneuf-du-Pape means “The Pope’s New Crib” The Catholic Church was the next main influence when Pope Clement V moved his headquarters from Rome to Avignon in 1309. The next step up the wine ‘pyramid’, the village wines are a bit more complex with lower yields and slightly higher alcohol. In many appellation regulations, a division is made into main grape varieties (indicated by "M"), supplementary varieties (indicated by "S"), and accessory varieties (indicated by "(A)"). As the Rhône River progresses southward, the valley widens and the climate changes. The steep slopes of the northern Rhône Valley account for just 5 percent of the region’s total wine production, while the southern Rhône Valley produces the vast majority. Just over 100 years later, wines from the 'left' bank were included in the C.D.R. Map of Cornas with detail of lieux dits (vineyard names). When the Romans left the areadisappeared so too did interest in the wine of the region. The vineyards are terraced to keep the soil from eroding, retain the warmth of the sun and make life a little easier for the vineyard workers! ), pp. Accounting for 50% of the valley’s production, this is the ‘entry level’ classification. Lush, black fruits with a generous ripe and meaty note. Most are red blends based on Grenache or Syrah and the vineyards are planted on a variety of different soils. Fortified wines (vin doux naturel) are made in the Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOC and Rasteau AOCs. definition.. If you would like to read more about label buying, click here. A feature of the cultivation of the region is the use of large pebbles around the bases of the vines to absorb the heat of the sun during the day to keep the vines warm at night when, due to the cloudless skies, there is often a significant drop in temperature. The name of one, Côte-Rôtie, or “roasted slope,” tells you what you need to know about the local climate.Here, the summer sun shines all day long on vineyards carved from rocky hills, producing fully ripe grapes and tannic, concentrated, ageworthy red Rhône wines. River cruises are a popular way to experience these places in Europe. Nicole Rolet. The Mistral is more than just a cold fierce wind that blows from the Northern seas, it’s an important part of the culture of southern France and Provence. Famous the world over, the wines from Hermitage come from the small vineyards overlooking the village of Tain-l’Hermitage. The same is true of the Northern Rhone. Gigondas AOC, on the other hand, is predominantly made from Grenache noir has a more restricted set of permitted grapes. This is another ancient region, settled by the Greeks and home to the famous sweet wine “Muscat de Beaumes de Venise”. The vineyards are planted with nine varieties in three distinct soil types: The Northern Rhône is a mere 40 miles long and is responsible for a tiny 4-5% of all the wines from the region. An overview of the country’s great red wine regions in South Australia, Victoria and New … at four levels of altitude as the land rises up from the Rhone River. In 2004 ten new appellations were officially added to the Rhône region, 9 in the Gard and one in the Vaucluse, which largely parallel the wines of Southern Rhône proper, while two appellations were discontinued for reasons of reforesting and urban encroachment.. Viticultural Areas Northern Rhône Southern Rhône Die Print Edition Durable, water and tear resistant polyart high density paper. Châteauneuf-du-Pape is considered –by most– to be the benchmark of the Southern Rhône. Rhône does not have an official classification using "Grand cru", or similar terms, in contrast to Bordeaux or Burgundy. Originally recognized as Coteaux de Tricistan in 1973, this region was allowed to change its name in 2012. Named after the Latin for “Valley of the Rocks”, the Vacqueryras lie next to Gigondas. Gigondas is a French wine Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) in the southern Rhône wine region of France.It is primarily a red wine region, with a very small amount of rosé wine produced. To this day, Tavel is synonymous with Rose-in fact they have dubbed themselves “Le Roi des Rosés” – “ The King of Roses”. Its climate is influenced by the mistral wind, which brings colder air from the Massif Central. This AOC is also used by the commercial blenders (négociants) who buy grapes in bulk from various parts of the region to bottle, distribute, and export on an industrial scale. You may have heard of the Rhone Valley in France; however, if you’re thinking of this as one place serving similar wines you’d be very mistaken. Syrah loves the well draining granite soils and soaks up the sun on the south facing slopes. The southern Rhône produces over 95% of the region’s wine output, including almost all Côte du Rhône as well as more prestigious appellations such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and Vacqueyras. In most cases, Northern Rhône appellations allow many fewer varieties than those of Southern Rhône. Red Côtes du Rhône is usually dominated by Grenache. local, but not on the Rhône river). Classic Southern Rhône style with mulberries, garrigue, ripe and meaty, crisp mid palate with good length. But it was the Romans who really established the vineyards and reputation of the area using the Rhône as their highway through France (and planting a few vineyards along the way). Other appellations falling outside the main Rhône area in terms of wine styles but administratively within it are Clairette de Die AOC, Crémant de Die AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Luberon AOC, Ventoux AOC, Côtes du Vivarais AOC. Located in the northern section of the southern Rhone, The Côte de Vivarais produces robust Syrah and Grenache dominant blends, deep roses and fresh mineral-driven white wines. This is where the term “Cote du Rhone’ was first marked on barrels for export – a guarantee of authenticity still used today. Australia. Low rainfall and plentiful sun have made the region of Lirac a prime vineyard area for two thousand years. Seems there was a nuclear power plant in the area with the same name that had a little meltdown in 2008; not a marketer’s dream! With a more Mediterranean influence, the sunny hot weather produces wines that are deep and bold, with lots of black fruit, leather and licorice. Since about 1998 Viognier is increasingly being used and is also appearing as a single varietal. Includes: Map Print, care notes, and satisfaction guarantee. Rhône is ready to welcome you to the wines of France. https://winefolly.com/deep-dive/cotes-du-rhone-wine-with-maps The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. Learn how to create your own. These are more similar to the wines of Provence. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. This nevertheless makes it the most commonly known, produced, and distributed appellation of the region. If Syrah is the big boy of the North, Grenache is the King in the South and forms the foundation of the area’s popular blends. These wines usually do not conform to the rules of a VDQS or AOC. Some suggested that the Greeks were responsible for bringing the Syrah grape from the Persian city of Shiraz. Domaine des Carabiniers Lirac rouge (Biodynamic Wine) Grenache noir : 60%, Syrah : 25%, Cinsault : 15%. A beautiful map to guide you to your next bottle of French wine. The Rhone Valley is a huge, diverse, viticultural area. Several wineries produce wines from organically cultivated vines that, provided they comply with the rules for varieties, plant spacing, pruning and maximum yield, are admitted in the AOC. Sharp, flat slabs of limestone called “Les Vestide”, pebbly soils “Vallongue:” and “Olivet”, a mixture of sand and stone. Diois AOP (bonus! Wine Folly does a nice job of breaking this down here and here is a lovely map illustrating the appellations of the Rhône Valley. They blow fungus-loving moisture from the grape clusters and, in summer, bring welcome cooler temperatures. Provence is located on the Mediterranean coast at the southern end of the Rhone Valley. Detailed map of the Rhône wine region, with separate maps of Southern Rhône ("Zoom A") and Northern Rhône ("Zoom B"). The name Côtes du Rhône comes from public administration in the Middle Ages and was the name (Côte without 's') of a district in the Gard département. Production rules are not as strict as other levels but wines must have a minimum of 11% alc. The wines are Grenache dominant with aromas of small red fruits and violets that age into licorice, pepper and spice. Come explore this superb region and learn why: Viticulture as we know it arrived in Southern France with the Greeks in the 4th century BC. Major Southern Rhone Wine Appellations Chateauneuf-du-Pape: The most famous and regal of the southern Rhone appellations, Chateauneuf du Pape ("the new home of the pope") generally makes wines that fetch the highest prices, get the highest ratings and will age the longest of all these wines. The largest of the Northern AOC’s, St. Joseph is home to Syrah and the white varietals Roussanne and Marsanne. Inter Rhône: Committee for the promotion of the technology, economy, communication and marketing of Rhône Wine (2005). 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