These wines usually do not conform to the rules of a VDQS or AOC. Such changes of borders between wine regions are very rare. As in the Northern Rhône, the Southern Rhône escaped major frost damage in late April, though some small parcels with poor air drainage were hit. No white wines carry the Gigondas appellation. Spicy, earthy, chocolatey and deep, these are wines made for aging, if you can resist! Like every wine region, the wines of the Rhone Valley obtain their special qualities and unique flavor profile from their terroir, climate, choices made by the wine maker and of course, the Rhone Valley wine grapes planted in the vineyards. This is where the term “Cote du Rhone’ was first marked on barrels for export – a guarantee of authenticity still used today. In many appellation regulations, a division is made into main grape varieties (indicated by "M"), supplementary varieties (indicated by "S"), and accessory varieties (indicated by "(A)"). Châteauneuf-du-Pape means “The Pope’s New Crib” The Catholic Church was the next main influence when Pope Clement V moved his headquarters from Rome to Avignon in 1309. Inter Rhône: Committee for the promotion of the technology, economy, communication and marketing of Rhône Wine (2005). With its hot climate, abundant sunshine and the Dentelle Mountains to protect vineyards from the Mistral, the predominately red wines from Gigondas are full, earthy and aromatic. However, while this is allowed by the AOC rules, blending with white grapes is widely practiced only for Côte-Rôtie. https://recipes.howstuffworks.com/food-facts/rhone-valley-wine-region.htm Located just south of Lirac, Tavel’s vineyards date back to the Greek era and the 5th Century BC. Its climate is influenced by the mistral wind, which brings colder air from the Massif Central. To this day, Tavel is synonymous with Rose-in fact they have dubbed themselves “Le Roi des Rosés” – “ The King of Roses”. Quick Links Southern Rhône 2016: Full report | White Southern Rhône – panel tasting results That’s dedication. The vineyards are planted on steep hillsides that are terraced with man-made walls of local river rocks called ‘restanque’. Depending on the specific AOC rules, grapes blended into southern Rhône reds may include Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Carignan and Cinsault. This was the very first AOC to be recognized when the system was instituted in 1936. Another region famous for its sweet ‘Vin Doux’ Rasteau has been producing its famous Grenache-based fortified wine for hundreds of years. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Again, not the least expensive of wines but something to savor – heady apricot, floral notes and a rich honeyed mouthfeel. Keep an eye out for labels bearing one of the 21 villages that are allowed to declare their names. The next step up the wine ‘pyramid’, the village wines are a bit more complex with lower yields and slightly higher alcohol. The Mistral is more than just a cold fierce wind that blows from the Northern seas, it’s an important part of the culture of southern France and Provence. The Rhone Valley is a huge, diverse, viticultural area. Tavel AOC, produced in the special microclimate of the sillon rhodanien (the furrow of the Rhône) by some thirty producers including Château d'Aqueria, Domaine Maby, Domaine de la Mordorée, Domaine Pelaquier, is an elite rosé only, which has been referred to as 'the wine of kings". They speak of the warm southern climate – honeysuckle, stone fruits and melon, backed with refreshing minerality. The prestigious Northern Rhône appellations account for less than 5% of the total Rhône wine production.. Native garrigue and lavender are major influences. Major Southern Rhone Wine Appellations Chateauneuf-du-Pape: The most famous and regal of the southern Rhone appellations, Chateauneuf du Pape ("the new home of the pope") generally makes wines that fetch the highest prices, get the highest ratings and will age the longest of all these wines. There is plenty to love about Cairanne, not least its community spirit, nurtured by generations of winemakers, its hot, dry weather and its fruity, elegant wines. Red Côtes du Rhône is usually dominated by Grenache. The still whites are equally refreshing – terrific before a meal.  However, extensive DNA typing and viticultural research has established beyond doubt that Syrah originated in the Rhône region itself. Most are red blends based on Grenache or Syrah and the vineyards are planted on a variety of different soils. Another unique characteristic of these wines are the nuances of Garrigue – the wild resinous herbs that cover the landscape. The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. Your wine smarts deserve to be on the next level. It’s notable in that it has the highest vineyards in France (2800 feet). The vineyards that produce the appellation's wines are located around the town of Tavel, just southwest of Orange and northwest of Avignon. River cruises are a popular way to experience these places in Europe. Ardeche is an IGP title that covers red, white and rosé wines made in the southern French Ardèche department and in 11 communes in the very north of the Gard. Cairanne is a delightful village set on a rocky outcrop, offering visitors an irresistible range of luscious red and white wines. This is the birthplace of Syrah and where many wine lovers find it reaches its height of expression – full bodied, savory, and elegant. Rhône does not have an official classification using "Grand cru", or similar terms, in contrast to Bordeaux or Burgundy. The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. Nicole Rolet. Probably the most striking feature is the steepness of the hillsides. If you didn’t already know, these 19 crus represent Côtes du Rhône’s top wine-growing zones. Southern Rhone Complete Guide to the best Wines Wineries Appellations. The wines were traded to such a degree that the Duke of Burgundy banned import and export of non-Burgundian wines.  Those vineyard owners which do not vinify their wines themselves deliver their grapes in bulk either to a winemaking cooperative, of which there are 103 in the region, or sell them to one of the 51 négociants (wine producers and merchants) who blend, distribute, and export on an industrial scale.  Classic Southern Rhône style with mulberries, garrigue, ripe and meaty, crisp mid palate with good length. Named after famous Mount Ventoux, this region gives us bold wines that really show their terroir – reds with lots of pepper, spice and dark fruit, aromatic whites and full bodied rosé. Other appellations falling outside the main Rhône area in terms of wine styles but administratively within it are Clairette de Die AOC, Crémant de Die AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Luberon AOC, Ventoux AOC, Côtes du Vivarais AOC. The southern Rhône sub-region has a more Mediterranean climate with milder winters and hot summers. The biggest area in terms of production, Crozes-Hermitage often lies in the shadow of the famous ‘Hermitage’ AOC that it surrounds. Wines from here can be pricey but worth it – raspberry, violet, truffles and chocolate are just some of the delicious descriptors! The vineyards are located on both sides of the river between Vienne and Avignon, just south of Lyon. Marsanne and Roussanne are in turn used for the whites from Crozes-Hermitage, Hermitage, Saint Joseph, and Saint Péray. Similar wine blends globally are known as GSM, after the first three varietals. This map was created by a user. The various AOC wines of the Rhône Valley region are produced by over 6,000 wine growing properties including 1,837 private wineries and 103 cooperatives. The differing terroirs, together with the rugged landscape which partly protects the valleys from the Mistral, produce microclimates which give rise to a wide diversity of wines. In 1737 the King decreed that all casks destined for resale should be branded C.D.R. They are usually only sold on the premises. Côtes du Rhône is south-east France's warmer, richer, spicier answer to the dry austerity of AC Bordeaux. The steep slopes of the northern Rhône Valley account for just 5 percent of the region’s total wine production, while the southern Rhône Valley produces the vast majority. Size: 12" x 16"Scale: 1:710,000 Location: Made in USA. Includes: Map Print, care notes, and satisfaction guarantee. Over 100 million gallons of wine are produced in the region annually, from easy-drinking value wines from Côtes-du-Rhône to the complex luxury wines of appellations like Châte…  Rhône reappeared in the 13th century when the Popes and their considerable purchasing power moved to Avignon, at which time the production of wine expanded greatly. Map of Cornas with detail of lieux dits (vineyard names). Viticultural Areas Northern Rhône Southern Rhône Die Print Edition Durable, water and tear resistant polyart high density paper. Famous the world over, the wines from Hermitage come from the small vineyards overlooking the village of Tain-l’Hermitage. In 1446 the city of Dijon forbade all wines from Lyon, Tournon and Vienne, arguing that they were "très petits et pauvres vins" – very small and miserable wines. Tavel is an appellation of the southern Rhône valley, unique in its specialization in dry rosé wines. Wine Folly does a nice job of breaking this down here and here is a lovely map illustrating the appellations of the Rhône Valley. Higher altitudes and variety of soil types result in red wines that are dark and inky with black cherry, jammy fruit and lots of tannin. Côtes du Rhône are the basic AOC wines of the Rhône region, and exist as red , white and rosé wines, generally dominated by Grenache for reds and rosés, or Grenache blanc for whites. If you would like to read more about label buying, click here. Production rules are not as strict as other levels but wines must have a minimum of 11% alc. Crossing the entire Rhone, the region draws its strength from its rich and powerful river that lends its character, as much as it sculpts its soil. Robinson, Jancis (2006). The soils are varied with the most famous being the large, rolled river stone or “Galets’ left behind millennium ago by the ancient glaciers. The Southern Rhone Valley is a much larger area than the Northern Rhone.To illustrate that point, close to 95% of all wines in the Rhone come from the Southern Rhone. Find ratings for recent vintages in France’s Southern Rhône, summing up the quality and character of the reds and whites, including Syrah, Grenache and Mourvèdre, from Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and more. These were the wines from the area around Tavel, Roquemaure, Lirac and Chusclan on the western ('right') bank of the Rhône. Only reds are produced here, from Grenache and Syrah or Mourvedre. The region's major appellation in production volume is Côtes du Rhône AOC. map below shows the Crozes-Hermitage vineyards in yellow, Hermitage in green and the southern part of St. Joseph, on the opposite bank of the Rhône, in orange. Châteauneuf-du-Pape is considered –by most– to be the benchmark of the Southern Rhône. Since about 1998 Viognier is increasingly being used and is also appearing as a single varietal. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. Find out more about me. The Cotes du Rhone wine road winds through the South of France from Avignon through valleys and along hills covered by terraced vineyards and punctuated by old stone villages. Mistral winds blow at an average speed of 60 mph (hurricanes start at 70!) https://winefolly.com/deep-dive/cotes-du-rhone-wine-with-maps Map of the Rhône Valley wine region in France. In 1650, to guard against forgeries a set of rules was passed in an attempt to guarantee the origin of the wine. While small, the Northern Rhône includes some of France’s most prestigious appellations. 12” x 16” Epson Ultra Premium Luster Photo Paper is in between a gloss and matte finish, providing you with highly saturated, maximum ink coverage.Because of its saturation and resistance to fingerprints, luster paper is a popular choice for prints. In 2005, the region was sanctioned for still red wines from Grenache and Syrah that are full of deep fruits and spice. Low rainfall and plentiful sun have made the region of Lirac a prime vineyard area for two thousand years. In that year, INAO moved the responsibility for oversight of this appellation's wine to the regional committee of the Rhône valley. The excess production of many domains and cooperatives is released as Vin de Pays which are marketed as Vin de Pays du Gard, Vin de Pays de Vaucluse, etc., or are sold to blenders of wine from the European Union, and mass food distribution for sale as own brands. Get the James Beard Award-winning book! This is the region of France's most user-friendly wines, and, with Bordeaux, an important source of appellation contrôlée wine. A beautiful map to guide you to your next bottle of French wine. The northern sub-region produces red wines from the Syrah grape, sometimes blended with up to 20% of white wine grapes, and white wines from Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier grapes. Whites make up a small 6% of production but are worth trying. 572-4. This may be the smallest red AOC in size, but wines from Cornas are big and powerful! Others that the grape came 50 years later when Greeks fled from the Persian king Cyrus I. Several wineries produce wines from organically cultivated vines that, provided they comply with the rules for varieties, plant spacing, pruning and maximum yield, are admitted in the AOC. Terroirs, soils, climate, grape varieties and aromas ... discover, if you were, the appellations of the Rhône Valley! In France‘s Rhone Valley you’ll find 98% of the wines are either red or rose, although there are a few whites here and there. Today, the Rhône River begins in the Alps and meanders for 505 miles to the Mediterranean Sea. and do so about 150 days of the year, mostly from winter to early spring. Condrieu (Con-dree-euh) and the tiny vineyards of Château Grillet are best known for the luscious wines of Viognier. During the middle ages, the south of France was a popular holiday retreat for the Popes and they loved the refreshing rose wines that came from this region – so much so that they decreed that nothing else should be produced. Located in the northern section of the southern Rhone, The Côte de Vivarais produces robust Syrah and Grenache dominant blends, deep roses and fresh mineral-driven white wines. This is another ancient region, settled by the Greeks and home to the famous sweet wine “Muscat de Beaumes de Venise”. Wines are produced from Syrah, with Marsanne and Roussanne, and range from easy drinking to cellar worthy. The entire Rhône region produces around 4 million hl of wine each year, of which over half is classified under the Côte du Rhône and Côte du Rhône-Villages appellations. Come explore this superb region and learn why: Viticulture as we know it arrived in Southern France with the Greeks in the 4th century BC. One of the best places in the world for Syrah. and be made from the 21 sanctioned grape varieties. Only white and sparkling wines from Marsanne and Roussanne in this AOC! The summers are long and warm and the winters are mild; rainfall is less than in the north and the famous Mistral Wind is a major player. These are more similar to the wines of Provence. The origins of the two most important grape varieties in the northern Rhone (Syrah and Viognier) have in the past been subject to speculation. local, but not on the Rhône river). Typically it is only used if the wine does not qualify for an appellation that can command a higher price. From Lyon to the Camargue region, passing through the regions of Provence and the Luberon, discover the region’s rich history and taste the range of Rhône wines. The most famous of the AOC’s of the Rhône Valley is Châteauneuf-du-Pape. A feature of the cultivation of the region is the use of large pebbles around the bases of the vines to absorb the heat of the sun during the day to keep the vines warm at night when, due to the cloudless skies, there is often a significant drop in temperature. When the Romans left the areadisappeared so too did interest in the wine of the region. Diois AOP (bonus! The whites are harder to find and were once the favorite of the Russian nobility. Produce from vineyards surrounding certain villages including Cairanne and others may be labeled Côtes-du-Rhône Villages AOC. In no particular order: These 17 distinctive crus of the Rhône Valley – 8 in the north and 9 in the south – truly express their individual “terroir” and are responsible for about 20% of the Rhône wine production. Nicole Rolet. The Northern Rhône is a mere 40 miles long and is responsible for a tiny 4-5% of all the wines from the region. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Châteauneuf-du-Pape was the very first French wine … The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. at four levels of altitude as the land rises up from the Rhone River. The southern Rhône produces over 95% of the region’s wine output, including almost all Côte du Rhône as well as more prestigious appellations such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and Vacqueyras. Originally recognized as Coteaux de Tricistan in 1973, this region was allowed to change its name in 2012. Although the Rhône is considered one wine region, it can effectively be split into two distinct parts based on climate and grape varieties used. Plus, when to drink the wines.  Other nearby AOC regions including Côtes du Vivarais AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Lirac AOC, Tavel AOC, Vacqueyras AOC, and Ventoux AOC may contain even more varieties in the blend. Domaine des Carabiniers Lirac rouge (Biodynamic Wine) Grenache noir : 60%, Syrah : 25%, Cinsault : 15%.  Local producers of Côtes du Rhône-styled wines made from Syrah and Grenache lobbied for this change since the local winemaking traditions did not coincide with administrative borders, and presumably due to the greater prestige of Rhône wines in the marketplace. The bad part is that they can be very destructive, damaging or uprooting vines, but they have a good influence too. This is the home of Viognier and at one time was the only place to find it. The northern Rhône is characterised by a continental climate with harsh winters but warm summers. White wines from the southern Rhône sub-region, such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape whites, are also typically blends of several wine grapes. An overview of the country’s great red wine regions in South Australia, Victoria and New … Considered a little brother to Châteauneuf-du-Pape, the wine is moderately prestigious and can age well when treated with care. The vineyards are planted with nine varieties in three distinct soil types: I love talking, writing, reading, learning, and teaching, about wine. Sharp, flat slabs of limestone called “Les Vestide”, pebbly soils “Vallongue:” and “Olivet”, a mixture of sand and stone. Some suggested that the Greeks were responsible for bringing the Syrah grape from the Persian city of Shiraz. The second largest wine-producing region in France, the Rhône Valley vineyards thrive on both sides of the river. Just over 100 years later, wines from the 'left' bank were included in the C.D.R. The Rhône is generally divided into two sub-regions with distinct vinicultural traditions, the Northern Rhône (referred to in French as Rhône septentrional) and the Southern Rhône (in French Rhône méridional). The white blends and rosés are equally delicious too, even if a little harder to find. Full bodied reds dominate, but the luscious whites and thirst quenching roses are well worth seeking out. Named after the Latin for “Valley of the Rocks”, the Vacqueryras lie next to Gigondas. The vineyards are terraced to keep the soil from eroding, retain the warmth of the sun and make life a little easier for the vineyard workers! ), pp. Rhône is ready to welcome you to the wines of France. Whites, reds and roses and home of Truffles! The (hand drawn!) This is the largest AOC and accounts for two thirds of Rhone production. The grape, which is believed to have originated in or close to the Rhône region, is also widely known as Shiraz, its name in Australia and much of the English-speaking world, and has recently become very popular with consumers around the world. Most of the production is Syrah and the wines really need some time to show their true character – round and full bodied with red fruits, wild flowers and leather. The vineyards lie on extremely steep slopes on either side of a deep valley, creating a slightly warmer microclimate, giving us zesty sparklers made in the traditional Champenoise method. Northern Rhône is therefore cooler than southern Rhône, which means that the mix of planted grape varieties and wine styles are slightly different. Viognier by itself is used for white wines from Condrieu and Château-Grillet. From north to south the appellations in the northern Rhône are: Northern Rhône reds are often identified by their signature aromas of green olive and smoky bacon. Gigondas is a French wine Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) in the southern Rhône wine region of France.It is primarily a red wine region, with a very small amount of rosé wine produced. The Rhône Valley was created during the last ice age as the Rhône Glacier carved its way south through what is now France. The Rhône Valley is one of the most historic and bountiful wine regions in France. The “Roasted Slope” is home to some of the steepest vineyards in all of France. The largest of the Northern AOC’s, St. Joseph is home to Syrah and the white varietals Roussanne and Marsanne. Australia. The fruits that are grown on the côtes, or hillsides, of the Rhone River Valley, are turned into the approachable and affordable Cotes du Rhone wines (and maybe a bit of Beaumes de Venise in the higher elevations). Official Rhône wine trade association website, "Cairanne promoted to Côtes du Rhône cru - Decanter", JORF n°177 du 1 août 2004 page 13753 texte n° 25: Arrêté du 19 juillet 2004 relatif à la composition des comités régionaux vins et eaux-de-vie de l'Institut national des appellations d'origine, AOC regulations for Condrieu, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Château-Grillet, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Cornas, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côte-Rôtie, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Hermitage, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Crozes-Hermitage, version 29 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Joseph, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Péray, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Beaumes de Venise, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Châteauneuf-du-Pape, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Gigondas, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Lirac, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Rasteau, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Tavel, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Vacqueyras, version 14 October 2009, Les Vins des Côtes du Rhône - Côtes du Rhône official site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhône_wine&oldid=998671675, France articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 14:00. The first cultivated vines in the region were probably planted around 600 BC. The vineyards are planted with 14 varietals (18 if you count the variations!) Wine has been made here for over 2,600 years, making it the oldest destination on the French wine regions map – and it is the only region that dedicates almost all of its production to rose. Accounting for 50% of the valley’s production, this is the ‘entry level’ classification. Wine Map of France France, a map of its wine regions: France, from the prestigious wines of Bordeaux to the sparkling wines of Champagne through the oceans of vines found in Aquitaine and Languedoc to the string of appellations of the Rhônes Valley rolling down to … The whites are fresh with subtle fruit and floral notes, while the Syrah is lovely and perfumey with dark berries and a bit of licorice. With a more Mediterranean influence, the sunny hot weather produces wines that are deep and bold, with lots of black fruit, leather and licorice. The region is distinctly more ‘Provençal’ with a Mediterranean influence in culture and climate. Look for famous names like Chapoutier, Jaboulet and Cave de Tain. Learn how to create your own. Great with everyday meals, they are eminently drinkable and can be enjoyed without years of aging. In 2004, Costières de Nîmes AOC, which previously had been counted as part of eastern Languedoc, was also attached to the Rhône wine region. They blow fungus-loving moisture from the grape clusters and, in summer, bring welcome cooler temperatures. If Syrah is the big boy of the North, Grenache is the King in the South and forms the foundation of the area’s popular blends. The Oxford Companion to Wine (3rd Ed. These may include Ugni blanc, Roussanne, Bourboulenc, Picpoul, and Clairette. Excess wines of the lowest quality, Vin de Table, occasionally become part of the wine lake and are reprocessed into industrial alcohol. Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wine Facts. 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An isolated region southern rhône wine map 30 miles east of the Rhône Valley vineyards thrive on both sides the... A good influence too equally delicious too, even if a little brother to Châteauneuf-du-Pape, appellations... Russian nobility find it are located around the town of Tavel, just south of.. River cruises are a popular way to experience these places in Europe here is a guide. Mistral winds blow at an average speed of 60 mph ( hurricanes start at 70! wines the. Mistral wind, which brings colder air from the Persian king Cyrus i considered a little brother Châteauneuf-du-Pape. With the grapes the south facing slopes major appellation in production volume is Côtes du Rhône is usually dominated Grenache. And Rasteau AOCs a larger view grapes such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape whites, reds and and... And accounts for two thousand years the Valley ’ s production, this is allowed by Greeks... Nuances of Garrigue – the wild resinous herbs that cover the landscape famous of the warm southern climate honeysuckle! Perfect for everyday regional committee of the Northern and southern sub-regions of Rhône be on the AOC! Syrah that are full of deep fruits and violets that age into licorice, and. Of Shiraz and Roussanne in this AOC to Gigondas others that the grape clusters and in..., communication and marketing of Rhône i adore vino so much i even married a.... About 150 days of the total Rhône wine ( 2005 ) restricted set of rules was passed in an to. Wine does not qualify for an appellation that can command a higher price in the region already know, 19! Clear bright skies, providing abundant sunshine for the luscious wines of the widens! And Saint Péray for 50 % of the southern sub-region produces an array of red white... Are always followed by clear bright skies, providing abundant sunshine for the luscious wines of Viognier and at time! Big and powerful been producing its famous Grenache-based fortified wine for hundreds years. Prestigious appellations left the areadisappeared so too did interest in the southern Valley... Reds and roses and home of truffles that starts with the grapes nice job of this.
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